Moira Tagle

Developing nations

Table of Contents

First Presentation

Questions from the first presentation

  1. What are expected emissions for developing nations and from what sources will these come (as in power, automobiles, etc.)?
  2. Under the current system developing countries do not have caps. Thus even is a factory in China reduces emissions and sells that credit to a German coal plant, only the German coal plant has reduced emissions: you can't double count. Did any of the sources you looked at give any plans to create caps for developing countries?
  3. Are any predictions on how the increasing quality of life within these nations will affect the per capita energy use?
  4. You mentioned that some (policymakers? scientists?) were concerned that “black coal” was contributing in particular to the ice caps melting. What is black coal and why is this the case? Do China and India use black coal in particular or are their industries tailored to its use?
  5. Please cite your sources! Why will developing nations be hardest hit by effects of global warming? What is the science behind that?
  6. Have population growth-reduction measures been incorporated into proposed plans for mitigating the rise of CO2 emissions in developing nations? Why or why not?…
  7. How, specifically, are the country caps determined?
  8. You focused on India and China, do we have to worry about other developing nations?
  9. When you mentioned energy usage, you didn't talk about "per capita" usage.  I understand that China and India are going to be using more and more energy, and developing nations will take over developed nations in terms of consumption, but what about in terms of "per-capita" energy consumption? 
  10. Are there any examples of developing countries that are currently using lots of sustainable energy? I don't know if this falls under your category, but how do islands power themselves? Are there any islands that are major proponents of sustainable energy?
  11. What's the basis for the projections you mentioned such as increased energy use of developing nations and rising sea levels with climate change?
  12. What does your first graph of predicted emission from developed vs. underdeveloped countries look like per capita?
  13. Where is the money to promote lower emissions in underdeveloped countries suppose to come from?
  14. How receptive are governments in foreign countries to dedicating time and resources to environmental concerns?

Some further questions

  1. In his September, 2006, article in Scientific American, Robert Socolow argues that the developed world will need to reduce its carbon emissions with respect to a baseline of 2002 to allow developing nations to increase theirs while still holding total emissions to levels that will keep atmospheric CO2 levels from reaching 560 ppm, which is double their pre-industrial values. Is that feasible? Does this goal allow developing nations to achieve parity with the OECD countries, or will they still emit significantly less carbon per capita?
  2. If we pursue business as usual while China continues to grow at the blistering pace it has established over the past decade, how long will it take for China to have emitted as much CO2 as the United States (since pre-industrial times)?
  3. How much less fuel would the United States consume and how much less carbon would we emit if we adopted China's vehicle efficiency standards in 2012?
  4. What fraction of its transportation fuel needs does Brazil currently satisfy with ethanol from sugar cane? How much does it cost to produce the equivalent of one gallon of gasoline from sugar cane (ethanol has less energy density than gasoline, so you need more than one gallon of ethanol to have the same energy content as one gallon of gasoline)? Are there other countries pursuing this strategy?

~Peter Saeta 2010 March 09 at 11:11 PM PST

  • What are the best some ways we can encourage developing nations to use less harmful means of energy production?
  • What are the projected CO2 outputs of various developing nations?
  • If encouraging developing nations to use less harmful means of energy production is unsuccessful, should someone shoulder the cost of creating cleaner energy alternatives in these countries? If so, who should it be?
  • What is currently being done (if anything?)

Second Presentation

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change: Impacts, Vulnerabilities, and Adaptation in Developing Countries
“Black Carbon Aerosols And The Third Polar Ice Cap” By Menon Et Al 2010 (