Exploring the Pisgah Craters in the Mojave

Willie controls and tests Ramon’s movements as the team deliberates how best to navigate the rover in the caves.
Alberto explores the lava tubes and gets Ramon ready to take samples.
Left: Ramon scans the cave walls for signs of life with a 532 nm laser Raman probe, while the team collects data remotely. Top right: The Raman shift in wave numbers of the pale white mineral deposit previously characterized by Pandora. The Raman activity between 900 and 1100 cm-1 is characteristic of sulfate and phosphate anions. Bottom right: A digital 3D map of a lava tube that Ramon explored.

Pandora and the Jaguar

Kat assembles a 405 nm laser and control electronics, Pandora, that will sit on a rover and produce Laser Induced Fluorescence Emission (L.I.F.E.) spectra of mineral and organic materials.
The complete assembly of the robotic instrument, Pandora.
Kat, Alberto, and Dr. Storrie-Lombardi perform tests for the Jaguar-Pandora rover in the hallways of HMC.
Bottom left: The Jaguar Lite robot explores a lava tube in the Mojave Desert as Pandora scans the walls searching for organics and microbial life. Top left: An RGB reflectance and a LIFE (laser-induced fluorescence emission) image of a target in the Pisgah Crater lava tube after a 405 nm excitation from 1 meter away. Top right: LIFE spectra produced by Pandora. Bottom right: An image of the 2D mapping of the caves as shown on the laptop controlling the rover.